PUNO GENERAL INFORMATION
Location: In the area altiplanica of our country, Puno to 3,812 meters above sea level beside the Lake Titicaca. Located to the south-this of the Peru and frontier with Bolivia, being adjacent with the departments of Madre de Dios, Cusco, Moquegua and Arequipa.
Puno is a department of undeniable tourist hegemony in Peru with a natural landscape of incomparable shades, in Puno they have arisen and declined different populational establishments beginning with the first of Qelqatani and Pizacoma, continued by the Tiawanakus, Auroches, Kollas, Ccaris, Zapanas, Kallahuayas, Lupacas among others.
The first years of the Spanish conquest, this area was considered of a lot of importance, due to the wealth of minerals and beautiful metals what gave origin to the emergence of cities where clearly the Spanish influence is noticed. Starting from there Puno begins a process of urbanization important with accented migratory flows until our days in that the city gives a modern image but at the same time preserve still the authenticity of being located in the highland and in the great plateau of the Collao.
Climate: Cold and dry the whole year, with an average temperature of 9ºC, in winter goes down to 3ºC.
Rains: from December to April.
Native languages: Quechua and Aymará.
Official language: Spanish.
Distance of Puno to:
- Lima 1,342 Km.
- Arequipa 292 Km.
- Cusco 390 Km.
Drain (frontier with Bolivia): 146 Km.
Copacabana (Bolivia) Kasani (frontier with Bolivia) 125 Km.
Access roads: Air, terrestrial and strong.
To be highly Puno a city tourist bill with the whole necessary infrastructure for the good attention of their visitors.
When arriving in city of Puno the majestic Lake Titicaca is observed, highest navigable lake in the world, with a surface 8,562 square kilometers, longitude 176 Km., 50 Km.wide. It's average and their maximum depth being 284 meters. It is the hábitat of native species of fish and birds. For millions of years men have been located that they arrived and they chose their banks, islands, hills and near lagoons to live, being able to reach very high levels of culture and civilization, all of them always considered their children worshipping the lake like a sacred mother. The legend that from its waters Handless Ccapac emerged exists and Ocllo Suckles to found the empire of the Inca. Among their countless islands those most visited ones are: The Auroches, Taquile, Amantaní and Suasi, recognized by their beauty paisajística, history and habit. The lake alone is considered as attractive paisajístico, but it is also mystic of strong magnetic and occult attraction, The motive that originated old human establishments that that then they gave origin to the empire of the Inca and they expanded its ancestral image toward the Andean cosmos.
Our lake offers an innumerable quantity of alternative of non alone visit for its beautiful islands but also for its wonderful and attractive surroundings.
Amid the Totora the Auroches live, a town that basically is fisherman and hunter of birds they use the totora to build their floating islands where on them they build sus housings, which are inhabited by families that transmit their beliefs and generation customs in generation. Their residents are of speech Aymará and at the moment they occupy the National Reservation of the Titicaca, they are also excellent manufacturers of totora ships
Located to 40 Km. of the Puno city, with a diameter of 23 Km². and a maximum height of 4,130 m.s.n.m. Their residents are devoted principaly to the agriculture and they have similar customs that those of the island of Taquile. Debido to the existence of granitic rocks, they have specialized in the cut and carved of the stone, elaborating deposits of food, tables and carved otros . Likewise the textile activity is similar to that of Taquile, as much in the variety as in the design. In the hills Koanos and Llaquistiti exist two témpletes undergroud that were erected in honor to the fertility of the earth, sacred considered places where he/she was practiced and he/she is still practiced ceremonial ritos of adoration to the earth (payments), that are carried out by Yatiris or Pacos (Andean priests). Today it is visited by esoterics since there the cosmic-energy dualism is manifested.
Located to 35 Km. to the east of the Puno city, with an extension of 11.6 Km². to a height of 3,906 m.s.n.m. The main atractive is since its form of life they still conserve its ancestral customs just as its gear that is very original and showy. Their life daily tour to the around of their principal activities of sustenance as the agriculture, fishes and well-known textilería worldwide for their delicate one and I die fabric. In Taquile you several days can remain lodging in the houses of the villagers, caracterizados for its hospitality and kindness.
Located to 70 Km. of Fist, via lake and to 155 Km. via terrestrial (cambria) to the nor-this of the lake bigger than the Titicaca. Small private island where it is developed an important integral project of ecoturismo, agroecología, culture, recreation and rest. For their special ones characteristic it is considered a private protected area. This project advanced in its majority, looks for that the guests observe and participate, being witness and actors of the most consistent and serious ecotourism proposal and culture in the Titicaca.
It has a variety of such services as a built housing under the option of valuation of resources and local technologies. All the requirements of energy satisfied son with the installation of an integral solar module, favorable facilities of recreation exist as much in the lake as in the island.
He/she offers the food euroandina, mixture of native products with others adapted and strange, it offers the easiness of you observe and to participate in agricultural activities, observation of native and domestic animals. To have a beautiful landscape it is pleasant to carry out walks or simply to enjoy a serene rest.